One of the core areas of COGAT activity is that of civilian coordination vis-a-vis the Palestinian population in Judea, Samaria and the Gaza Strip.
Security coordination between Israeli security forces and the security mechanisms of the Palestinian Authority is of high importance in maintaining order and quiet in the territories and preventing friction and outbreaks between Israelis and Palestinians.
Numerous international organizations operate throughout the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (e.g. UN agencies, governmental aid agencies and international NGOs) and serve as a central component in conserving and promoting the normal livelihood of the Palestinian population.
The COGAT Infrastructure network is charged with managing, promoting and coordinating all infrastructure-related issues vis-à-vis Israeli authorities, PA authorities and representatives of the international community with the aim of promoting infrastructure projects and better addressing water-, sewage-, communications- and energy-related issues.
Coordination and Liaison training takes place at the unit's School for Coordination and Liaison Affairs, in the framework of which soldiers, NCOs and officers are trained in the various activities undertaken by the unit such as coordinating with the Palestinian population and the international community, infrastructures and security coordination.